Chapter 1 Urbanization Process in China
In order to meet the challenges presented by urbanization, China has followed sustainable development concepts and goals advocated by the international community, and has regarded thoughts of ecological civilization as the guiding ideology and action model for urban and rural development. It has further strengthened the people-centered governance concept; and established new development concepts in innovation, coordination, ecology, openness, and sharing; has transformed urban development patterns, optimized the overall pattern of urbanization, and also adhered to the ‘two-wheel drive engine’ approach, i.e. rural revitalization and urbanization while simultaneously reconstructing the governance system for territorial space.
Chapter 2 Spatial Planning and Urban Governance
The new spatial planning system is aimed at building a beautiful China, achieving high-quality development and high-quality life, and promoting governance capacity and the modernization of the national governance system. Future urban planning will continue to exert its governance effectiveness as part of this territorial spatial planning, and likewise, spatial planning will also become an important tool for the spatial governance as well as urban governance.
Chapter 3 Urban Infrastructure
In order to promote the development of urban infrastructure, China persists in planning and guidance, and thus compiled relevant plans including the 13th Five-Year Plan for National Urban Municipal Infrastructure Development, which lays out plans for infrastructure development. This directive promotes high-quality development of transport facilities, water facilities, energy facilities and environmental sanitation facilities through a series of measures to better meet the needs of the people in the pursuit of a better life and, therefore, supports the development of new urbanization.